GIS & Other Products  
  Products for GIS  
     •   NOAA ENC® Direct to GIS  
     •   Raster Navigational Charts: NOAA RNC®  
     •   U.S. Maritime Zones/Boundaries  
     •   Law of the Sea  
     •   nowCOAST  
  Historical Products  
     •   Historical Maps and Charts  
  GIS Services and Tools 
     •   VDatum Transformation Tool  
     •   Web Mapping and Feature Services  
     •   ENC Handler for ArcMap  
     •   North Amer. Horiz. Datum Conversion Utility  
     •   Seamless Raster Chart Server & Web Map Services  
  Learn About  
     •   Law of the Sea  
     •   Differences Between ENC and ENC Direct to GIS  
     •   Maritime Limits White Paper  
     •   Datums and Transformations  
     •   Geospatial Applications of Hydrodynamic Models  
  Data Portals 
     •   nowCOAST: Real-Time Coastal Data Map Portal  
     •   NOS Data Explorer  
     •   NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center  
     •   NOAA's Coastal Services Center  
     •   Technical Reports & Publications  

How-To: ENC Direct to GIS Help

Learn more about the new graphical interface in this video:
Helpful how-to video for the new graphical interface
Visit our FAQ for answers to specific questions
about using ENC Direct to GIS.

About ENC Direct to GIS    [Top]

ENC Direct to GIS displays and allows downloading of NOAA ENC data in a variety of GIS/CAD formats, using web mapping service technology.

The NOAA ENC data are in International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) S-57 format, which is the data standard for the exchange of digital hydrographic data. Nautical chart features contained within a NOAA ENC provide a detailed representation of the U.S. coastal and marine environment. This data includes coastal topography, bathymetry, landmarks, geographic place names, and marine boundaries. Features in a NOAA ENC are limited in that they only represent the geographic region depicted in that particular ENC. Aggregating nautical features from all NOAA ENCs in the creation of GIS data results in a contiguous depiction of the U.S. coastal and marine environment.

To learn more about S-57, visit the IHO website.

For additional help with this application, see our FAQ page.

For questions or comments, contact us.

File naming conventions and scale bands    [Top]

ENC Direct to GIS data is organized by scale band, and there are six scale bands available: Overview, General, Coastal, Approach, Harbour, and Berthing.

  • Overview scale band consists of ENC files with a scale band of smaller than 1:1,500,000. 
  • General scale band consists of ENC files with a scale band from 1:600,001 – 1:1,500,000. 
  • Coastal scale band consists of ENC files with a scale band from 1:150,001 – 1:600,000. 
  • Approach scale band consists of ENC files with a scale band from 1:50,001 – 1:150,000. 
  • Harbour scale band consists of ENC files with a scale band from 1:5,000 – 1:50,000. 
  • Berthing scale band consists of ENC files with a scale band of larger than 1:5,000. 

The ENC filename is stored in the attribute named DSNM from the “coverage_area” feature layer.  The third character within the filename is a numeric value referencing to the following scale band category.  For example, a filename of US2EC02M.000 indicates that it is within the General scale band category.

1 = Overview
2 = General
3 = Coastal
4 = Approach
5 = Harbour
6 = Berthing

To learn more about the object attributes for each S-57 object, see the S-57 Object Catalogue.

Usage    [Top]

Using the interface    [Top]

ENC Direct to GIS allows the user to view and download seamless ENC data by scale band.  This screenshot is an image of the opening screen.

Users can overlay the ENC data with several choices of base maps, available from the top right corner of the screen. The lower right corner of the screen provides an extendable insert to display an overview of the area. Clicking the arrow will expand and hide the overview insert. The left side of the screen contains the navigation bar, where users can zoom in, zoom out, and pan. The globe icon will bring the display extent back to the U.S. continental area. The lower left corner of the screen contains the scale bar and the display of the latitude and longitude values. Users can also click ‘List of Services’ or ‘Help’ at the top right corner of the screen to get more information about the application.

Some data will not display on-screen until you have zoomed in to the appropriate level. However, when extracting data, all selected data in the scale band will be extracted whether visible on-screen or not.

ENC Direct to GIS (Experimental)

ENC Scale Band: The text box named ‘ENC Scale Band’ located at the top of the screen allows users to turn on or turn off a particular scale band. Clicking the drop down arrow next to the scale band’s name provides several functionalities, such as changing dataset transparency or reading about the description of the dataset.

Popup Window: This application provides a popup window that displays information for any feature that is visible on the screen.  Clicking on a particular location prompts the popup window to display basic attributes for the feature. If the popup identifies more features than are visible, simply scroll through the record in the popup window by clicking the left or right arrow. 

Toolbar: ENC Direct to GIS provides several functionalities allowing users to search, identify, print, or extract data. These are available from the toolbar located at the top of the application.

Using the toolbar    [Top]

Bookmarks  Bookmarks: This tool has pre-made bookmarks. For example, clicking the Baltimore bookmark will bring the zoom extent to the Baltimore area. Users can add their own bookmarks by clicking the ‘Add Bookmark’ button.  To add a bookmark:

1: Zoom to an area of interest. 
2: Click the ‘Add Bookmark’ button and give your bookmark a name.
3: A new bookmark is now available.  You may delete it at any time.

Draw and Measure  Draw and Measure:  This tool allows users to measure area and distance in various unit types.  The tool also allows users to add text to the screen or add a customized point shape to the screen. To draw and measure:

  1. Choose the type of drawing tool and other drawing options to be used.
  2. Check the 'Show Measurements' box and choose the units desired.
  3. Draw the line or polygon desired on the screen, covering the chosen area. The units/distance will show within the polygon or next to the line. The size and shape of the polygon can be adjusted on the screen by clicking the shape and moving the points. The area/distance units will automatically adjust to the new shape/size.
  4. To add additional text to the screen, click on the 'A' next to the polygon tools, then click in the 'Text' box and type. Then click on the screen where the text should be placed. To adjust the text positioning, click and hold the text and drag to the new location.

Print  Print:  The ‘Print’ tool allows users to print the current screen.  Users can add a ‘Title’ and ‘Subtitle’ to the map.  If users have Adobe installed, a PDF file can be printed as well.

Legend  Legend: The ‘Legend’ displays the symbols used for all of the features by scale band.  If users turn off a particular ENC scale band from the ‘ENC Scale Band’ box located at the top right corner, the legend for that particular scale band will disappear from the legend window.

Data Extract  Data Extract:  The ‘Data Extract’ tool allows users to extract ENC data by scale band.  Please refer to the "How to Extract ENC data" instructions below for details.

To download all ENC data for a particular scale band by entering a latitude and longitude value, use our Textual Extraction Form.

Locate Address  Address or Place Name: The 'Enter Address or Place Name' tool allows users to enter an address or place name to locate a point on the map.

How to extract ENC data – an example    [Top]

The ‘Data Extract’ tool allows users to extract ENC data by scale band. The tool doesn’t require the data to be visible on the screen. Users can extract data by drawing a polygon on the screen to define the area of interest. The ENC data will be clipped using this user-defined polygon. Users can select various output file formats, such as shapefile (.shp), geodatabase (.gdb), or various CAD file formats. 

The following is an example of extracting data within the Overview scale band:

1: Click the ‘Data Extract’ tool to expand the four scale band choices: Overview, General, Coastal, and Approach Harbour. Click ‘Extract Overview.’ See the screenshot:

Extracting data

2: The ‘Extract Overview’ window will popup. See the screenshot below. Follow these steps:

  • Step 1: 'Select area’ - select a shape to draw a polygon on the screen. This will be used as a boundary to clip the ENC data.
  • Step 2: 'Select layers to extract’ - click the appropriate boxes to select the desired feature layers to be clipped. The layers do not need to be visible on the screen to be extracted.
  • Step 3: 'Select file format’ - choose the desired output file format.
  • Step 4: Click the ‘Extract’ button to extract the data.

Extract Overview

If you ask to extract data from a feature layer that has no data, an empty layer will be created as output. 

3: When the extraction is completed, the user will be prompted to save the output .zip file.  See the screenshot below for an example:

Saving extract


4: The default output filename is ‘extractedData.zip’ – the user may rename it if desired.  Please note that if the output .zip file is not renamed and another output .zip file is downloaded, the new output .zip file will override the previous output .zip file because they have the same default filename.

Follow the same procedure to extract data for other scale bands.

Metadata    [Top]

To access metadata for each layer by scale band:

1. From the 'ENC Scale Band' tab, choose the base map you'd like to use.

Metadata Basemap

2. From the box named ‘ENC Scale Band,’ click the drop down arrow next to the scale band’s name. 


3. Choose ‘Description.’

4. A new browser window will show the description for the map service. Click on a layer to see metadata for a specific layer.

List of services:    [Top]

Rest URL for map services:


Rest URL for geoprocessing services:


WMS capabilities:


KML services:


Connect to the WMS    [Top]

ENC Direct to GIS provides web map services (WMS) for each scale band.  Users can connect to the WMS service using ESRI’s GIS desktop clients.  Users can then overlay their own data on top of the ENC Direct WMS services.  Follow instructions below to connect to the WMS service:

  1. In ESRI’s ArcCatalog, expand ‘Database Connections’ and GIS Servers.
  2. Choose ‘Add WMS Server.’
  3. Type the following address in the URL box to connect to the WMS for each scale band:

    Overview: http://encdirect.noaa.gov/arcgis/services/encdirect/enc_overview/MapServer/WmsServer?
    General: http://encdirect.noaa.gov/arcgis/services/encdirect/enc_general/MapServer/WmsServer?
    Coastal: http://encdirect.noaa.gov/arcgis/services/encdirect/enc_coastal/MapServer/WmsServer?
    Approach: http://encdirect.noaa.gov/arcgis/services/encdirect/enc_approach/MapServer/WmsServer?
    Harbour: http://encdirect.noaa.gov/arcgis/services/encdirect/enc_harbour/MapServer/WmsServer?
    Berthing: http://encdirect.noaa.gov/arcgis/services/encdirect/enc_berthing/MapServer/WmsServer?

  4. After connecting to the WMS, the user can drag the service to ArcMap and overlay the ENC data with their own data in ArcMap.

Contact us    [Top]

We want to hear from you. Submit your questions or comments to the Nautical Comment and Inquiry System.

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Page last edited: November 14, 2016

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