Coast Surveyors assumed important combat roles during the Civil War, serving as topographers, reconnaissance specialists, scouts, intelligence officers, and combat hydrographers.

For a contemporary record of combat mapping during the Civil War, see the war record of Frederick Dorr and John Donn.

Browse biographical vignettes of Coast Surveyors, listed below.
Rockwell, Cleveland

Middle Initial:


Branch: Army

Theater: Eastern, Western

Related: NC, SC, TN, GA

Bio: Cleveland Rockwell (1837-1907) was a cartographer and artist from Cleveland, Ohio. He worked for the U.S. Coast Survey from the 1850s to 1880s. During the war, he served as a cartographer for the Union Army. Afterward, he did a brief mapping tour of South America for the government, and then settled in Portland, Oregon. He became chief of the northwest section of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey and conducted surveys in California, Oregon, British Columbia, and Alaska. Rockwell became a full-time painter in his retirement, but based many of his landscapes on sketches he made while on survey expeditions.


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