Coast Surveyors assumed important combat roles during the Civil War, serving as topographers, reconnaissance specialists, scouts, intelligence officers, and combat hydrographers.

For a contemporary record of combat mapping during the Civil War, see the war record of Frederick Dorr and John Donn.

Browse biographical vignettes of Coast Surveyors, listed below.
Schott, Charles Anton

Middle Initial: A


Branch: Army

Theater: Eastern

Related: DC

Bio: Charles Anthony Schott (1826-1901) was a German immigrant who came to the United States in 1848 and immediately went to work for the U.S. Coast Survey and remained active up until his death. He rose to be the chief geodesist and chief mathematician of the Survey, guided the evolution of the agency through its transition from purely coastal to a continent-wide geodetic survey. Schott developed numerous mathematical methods for determining most probable values for geodetic observations, predicting changes in secular variation of the geomagnetic field, and even was the United States' pioneer in the statistical analysis of climatological data. During the Civil War, Schott hired an African American to take his place in military service. At the request of Major Barnard, Schott determined the positions of the fortifications erected in the defense of Washington, D.C.


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