Office of Coast Survey
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
U.S. Department of Commerce

Precision Navigation

What is precision navigation?

Precision navigation, in marine transportation terms, is the ability of a vessel to safely and efficiently navigate and operate in close proximity to the seafloor, narrow channels, or other hazards. For large vessels entering a port— when space is tight and time is critical—mariners anticipate ocean and weather conditions by using observations, forecasts, and underlying foundational data in addition to nautical charts. With this in mind, NOAA is defining a process of collecting and integrating data to create more accurate navigational products and tools that support the mariner’s operational decision-making process.

Port of Long Beach Pilot Project

In the Port of Long Beach, ultra-large crude carriers were vulnerable to potential groundings when waves arrived in long period swells. As a precaution, the port reduced the maximum allowable ship draft to 65’, even though the channel is dredged to 76’. Coast Survey collaborated with private industry and within NOAA to create a precision navigation model for the Port of Long Beach. The observations, forecasts, and foundational data in the model include:

  • Nearshore Wave Prediction System (NWPS) for forecasts of wave and swell conditions
  • Water levels for predictions and real-time values available from PORTS®
  • Wave buoys for real-time values and 3-hour nowcast short term predictions
  • Lidar for shoreline updates to nautical charts
  • Hydrographic surveys and high resolution bathymetric inland ENC overlays for increased accuracy and resolution over traditional charting products

Due to the success of the model, the U.S. Coast Guard Captain of the Port removed the 65’ draft restriction. The long-term goal is to achieve 69’ draft transits safely, at which time lightering offshore will no longer be required, improving operational efficiencies, safety, and reduce environmental risk.

Gulf of Mexico Oil and Gas Lease Blocks

Coast Survey provides a set of six IENC overlay files for the Gulf of Mexico oil and gas lease blocks. The overlays provide coverage that extends beyond the traditional lease block charts and includes all oil and gas lease blocks within the Gulf of Mexico. The overlays are compiled in the inland electronic navigational chart (IENC) format and require users to have an electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS) or electronic chart system (ECS) that can ingest and display this specific format.

The lease block overlays were created from the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Gulf of Mexico geographic mapping data (BOEM). The overlays do not constitute the legal boundaries of the official lease blocks and are for situational awareness only. The authoritative Gulf of Mexico oil and gas lease block boundaries are in BOEM's appropriate leasing map or official protraction diagram.

Precision Navigation and Data Standards

As International Hydrographic Organizations Universal Hydrographic Data Model develops specifications, NOAA will develop test data in support of S-102 high-resolution bathymetry and S-111 surface currents.

Coast Survey uses the IENC Specification Version 2.4, which is a profile of the International Hydrographic Organization S-57 Electronic Navigational Chart Product Specification modified to allow creation of bathymetric inland ENCs.

Revised: 10/2/2017